Determining Foreign Currency Exchange Rates


The exchange of currencies from different nations is a common part of trading and displays a vital role in the global economy. These rates display the value of one unit of currency converted for another currency.

Changes in rates are always influenced by different events occurring each and every minute. This is also affected by the globalization especially the trading of goods and services. Knowing the value of own currency to foreign currencies helps investors to analyze assets. Understanding the basics of foreign currency exchange rates will provide a better perception of how the world economy operates. This blog post will give you an outline on how and where the currency exchange rates are determined.

Where Do Exchange Rates be Determined?

The forces of the market are the fundamental driver of exchange rates. The currency exchange rates differ every single day depending on the supply and demand of the economy. Supplies and demands are highly influenced by different factors including political events, trade barriers and the economic growth of the country. Factors such as unemployment rates, inflation reports, manufacturing data and gross domestic product numbers (GDP) also affects the international exchange rates. Countries release foreign money for buying imports. Thus, the higher the supply for these imports the greater is the demand for foreign currency exchange. Having a huge demand for the certain currency makes it more expensive, especially when the central bank does not have the finite supply of currency.

How Are Exchange Rates Determined?

International exchange rates can be classified into two: the floating and the fixed or pegged. Fixed or pegged exchange rates have a standard which the unit of currency corresponds to. The sample of this standard is the value of gold or other precious metal.

On the other hand, floating exchange rates are not supported by a resource. Economic actions of the government or central bank of a certain country affect the value of the currency, thus calling it the managed floating exchange rate. Managed floating exchange rates then determine the current international exchange rates.

Analysts from large banking institutions are usually the facilitators of the foreign exchange market. They interpret macroeconomic events to determine the exchange rates. These banks constantly analyze world events, trades and other factors that can determine a competitive exchange rate. These baking institutions set an exchange rate that will allow them to make the most profit possible.